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Landscape Bioengineering

On June 17th we attended the conference on Landscape Bioengineering in the Mediterranean area, organized by the Spanish Association of Landscape Engineering (AEIP) and the European Federation of Landscape Bioengineering (EFIB), in collaboration with the Research Center and Forest Experimentation (CIEF), the Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development, Climate Emergency and Ecological Transition and the Life Tecmine Project.


The day began with an explanation at the CIEF facilities about a project that is being carried out called Red Bioclima, which investigates how different biological stresses (drought, lack of light, lack of nutrients, etc.) affect the vegetative development of some species. of Mediterranean plants. In addition, they taught us how they use state-of-the-art technology, such as multispectral cameras to photograph the plants and be able to detect changes in pigmentation and morphology very precisely.



Next we made a visit to the Municipal Park of San Vicente in Liria, where a wetland restoration was recently carried out. In the past, attempts were made to artificially bury this wetland under tons of earth, but due to the amount of water that emanates from the ground, the area became a quagmire, without any ecological or recreational interest. The restoration works consisted of removing all the excess earth and conditioning the area so that the water would form a small lagoon, which was achieved through excavations and the construction of wooden dikes that hold some points of the ground. Some eucalyptus trees that were at risk of falling due to the action of the wind were felled and the trunks were deposited in the pond. In addition, a small artificial island was built with the roots and branches of these trees, all to offer refuge spaces for the fauna present there.

The result of these actions is a space rich in biodiversity and of high scenic and recreational value.



The next stop of the day was at the Turia River Natural Park to see the works that were carried out in various sections of the channel on the restoration of native vegetation. There, our guide Daniel explained to us that the common reed had been eliminated, an invasive species that dominated the banks and some tarpaulins had been placed to prevent its regrowth. This technique, he commented, is less efficient than the direct extraction of the cane roots but the cost is considerably lower.


Upstream we stopped at various points where check dams had been installed on the banks of the riverbed to prevent water erosion and the subsequent widening of the riverbed. The construction of the dikes was carried out with logs as a palisade, in a similar way to those installed in the Liria wetland.


To conclude the day, we returned to the CIEF facilities, where we toured the different laboratories, warehouses, and work areas that are located there. The center's activity is oriented towards 3 areas of work:


1. Seed bank: includes the collection, treatment and storage of the seeds of a large number of species.


2. Forest nursery: germination of plants in trays for use in reforestation.






















3. Forestry research: tasks are carried out in the laboratories to improve knowledge about aspects of seeds and plants and thus optimize the germination and reforestation process.




In summary, the activity of both the AEIP and the CIEF are essential for the correct care and maintenance of natural sites, assets that are increasingly subjected to greater pressures and impacts due to human activity. It is important not only to protect undisturbed natural spaces, but also to recover those areas that have been degraded, so that they can once again be reservoirs of biodiversity and thus help combat climate change and improve people's quality of life. At Offset Trail we work to achieve these objectives and that is why we are happy to see the cutting-edge work of other agents in the sector and we are interested in collaborating with them as much as possible for the good of our forests and natural environment.




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